Priority areas of development and activities are determined by the following functions and tasks (Article 6 of the Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) about the establishment in the Republic of Kazakhstan of the Central Asian Regional Glaciological Centre (category 2):
1. strengthening the coordination of research activities and information exchange between various organizations involved in monitoring the condition of glaciers, snow cover and permafrost in the zone of formation of surface runoff in Central Asia;
2. undertaking research to advance scientific understanding of the impact of climate change to the glaciers, snow and water resources, and formulating further research needs in the region;
3. encouraging the development of regional research programs related to regional and global initiatives, including with a focus on glaciology, hydrology and mountain climatology, in the frames of the UNESCO Intergovernmental Hydrological Program (IHP);
4. implementation and coordination of efforts in the field of education and creation and development of human and institutional capacity in the field of assessing the impact of climate change to snow and glaciers using modern methods and technologies, including the use of satellite images and GIS technologies;
5. organizing program aimed at raising the awareness of decision-makers at the national and regional levels in the area of forecasts and risks associated with the melting of mountain glaciers in Central Asia;
6. dissemination of the carried out research results in the wider scientific community and IHP networks through theoretical and practical seminars, training courses, conferences and periodicals.